What does the term opioid mean? It refers to any chemical or drug that attaches to your brain’s opioid receptors. Yes, your body makes its own opioids, which are called endorphins. However, the main focus is on opioid addiction. These opioids are manufactured from plants or made in laboratories. Some examples include codeine and morphine. They can be found in the extract of seeds from poppy plants. This is the opium that can be processed into heroin. Opioids that are synthesized in the laboratory are usually prescription painkillers like hydromorphone, hydrocodone, and oxycodone to name a few. When an individual becomes dependent on these drugs, they should seek opioid addiction treatment in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
America’s Opioid Crisis: The Epidemic of Epidemics
In the United States, the severity of the country’s opioid crisis is often measured in deaths caused by drug overdoses. Heroin, prescription opioids, and fentanyl (a deadly synthetic opioid) are some of the drugs that have claimed over 60,000 lives in 2016. That’s not all. The combination of heroin and opioid abuse has also caused a dramatic spike in hepatitis C infections. If this dangerous bacterial infection is left untreated, it can cause strokes. Patients may even need multiple open-heart surgeries. Intravenous drug use has also caused America’s health officials to fear that the country is on the brink of more HIV outbreaks.
Understanding the Common Types of Opioids
As opioids are prescribed legally by doctors for cough suppression and pain management purposes, not everyone who takes an opioid is putting themselves at risk for dependence. The problem is that the drugs are commonly abused. Some people take the drug illegally to experience mood-altering effects like sedation or euphoria. Some of the most commonly abused prescribed medications include:
- Buprenorphine that is found in Suboxone
- Methadone that is found in Dolophine
- Tramadol that is found in Ultram
- Fentanyl that is found in Duragesic
- Morphine that is found in MSIR, Kadian, and MS Contin
- Meperidine that is found in Demerol
- Oxymorphone that is found in Opana
- Hydromorphone that is found in Dilaudid
- Oxycodone that is found in OxyContin, Percocet, and Percodan
- Hydrocodone that is found in Lorcet, Lortab, and Vicodin
- Codeine that is found in Fiorecet #3, Tylenol #3, and some cough syrups
Signs of Opioid Addiction
Opioid addiction can be identified via three groups of symptoms, i.e. physical, behavioral, and psychological. Some of the physical symptoms include hyper-vigilance, difficulty sleeping, physical agitation, increased sexual arousal, high blood pressure, constricted blood vessels, improved alertness, and more. Behavioral symptoms may include the sudden abandonment of important activities, using opioids at a greater amount than originally intended, spending a large amount of time sourcing for the drug, and more. Lastly, some of the serious psychological symptoms include depression, psychosis, and anxiety attacks.
Can Opioid Addiction Be Treated?
Yes, it can be treated. While there is no absolute cure for this type of addiction, there are medication-assisted treatments that can help stabilize individuals and even save lives. Opioid addiction treatment in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania addresses the psychological and physical aspects of the addiction. This allows the individual to regain control over their life and contribute effectively as members of society and their family.
Call Our Opioid Addiction Hotline in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Today
Fortunately, searching for a trusted and reputable opioid addiction recovery hotline in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania isn’t as hard as you might think. You can call our toll-free hotlines, which include (724) 243-2061. Our counselors are available every hour of the day, seven days a week to help you or a loved one deal with an addiction pertaining to opioids.