Dextromethorphan, simply called as DXM, is an OTC drug medication for suppressing cough. Many cold and flu medicines contain this substance. Aside from its antitussive effects, DXM can produce hallucinogenic effects in high doses. Since it is not a regulated drug, many adolescents and even young adults are inclined to abusing it because of the intoxicating effects.
Good thing that there are several treatment options for DXM addiction in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. There are many concerns regarding the effects of DXM to the body. Getting enough information about it will help in attaining success in treatment.
How is DXM Abused?
You might be surprised at how abusers get creative when it comes to taking this drug. DXM medications come in different forms. Syrups and capsules are ingested directly and are quickly absorbed by the body. Some individuals pulverize DXM in tablet form and inhale the powder for its mind-altering effects. Because some cough medications taste unpleasant, abusers take the drug together with alcohol, doubling its dangerous effects.
A person only needs about 10 to 30 mg every four hours to treat a cough with DXM drugs. Abusers, however, will take 100 to 1,500 mg of the drug at one go in order to feel its intoxicating effects.
Dangers of DXM Addiction
DXM abuse can cause life-threatening conditions like heart attack, irreversible liver damage, and serious mental illnesses. Developing an addiction to this drug increases the likelihood of an overdose. Once toxic levels are reached, the body will not be able to metabolize the drug causing it to malfunction and even shut down.
Common symptoms of a DXM overdose include dizziness, nausea, vomiting, breathing difficulties, hallucinations, muscle spasms, seizures, hypertension, and tachycardia. The effects are heightened, thus becoming more dangerous, when DXM is mixed with other substances. Alcohol, for example, will enhance the intoxicating effects.
Treatment Options for DXM Addiction
Like other drugs, treatment for DXM addiction starts with a medical detox. The body is expected to manifest withdrawal symptoms so a closely monitored detox is advised. Antipsychotics are going to be used for purging the body of DXM.
After physical stabilization, psychological aspects of the addiction will be addressed. Various therapies are done either as an outpatient or by being confined to a facility. There will be counseling, behavioral therapies, life skills training, support group meetings, and holistic treatments.
Aside from the recommended treatment options, it is also encourage that there is an immediate support group who can assist the individual all throughout the treatment stage. The family is a great support system who can contribute to a sustained recovery.
Call Our DXM Addiction Hotline in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Today
Take note that DXM may have different effects to certain people. This means that no treatment option is considered to be universal. An initial consultation where a medical history is obtained is recommended in order to identify which treatment is for a specific individual. Better results are also expected when treatment is sought early. Contact our Pittsburgh addiction hotline at (724) 243-2061 today.